Wisdom teeth extraction is a very common dental procedure typically performed by an experienced dentist in wisdom teeth removal. The idea can be overwhelming, and knowing more about the process can put your mind at ease.
What are Wisdom Teeth?
We all have them! They are actually the third set of molars located in the back of your mouth. They begin to descend in young adulthood and can be quite painful as they come in, and if they are impacted, sitting incorrectly or causing infection, a dentist will need to examine your teeth to determine if removal is the best procedure.
Why Have Them Removed?
Removal usually means,
the teeth are impacted leading to severe pain,
the teeth take up too much space along the jaw,
the teeth grow in at the wrong angle causing misaligned teeth and additional pain.
Wisdom teeth are also vulnerable to cavities as they are located so far back making them difficult to clean properly.
When Should They Be Removed?
Pain is the biggest reason and could be the result of an issue related to your wisdom teeth. A full examination and x-ray are required to determine treatment.
Along with general pain, you may experience other symptoms. These are,
Redness of the gums
Swelling of the gum
A bad taste in your mouth
The presence of cysts (pockets of liquid around your gums)
If your wisdom teeth are not the cause, still make an appointment with your dentist for examination and treatment.
What You Need To Know
Your dentist or an oral surgeon will discuss the treatment and go over the steps involved, and need to know about any health problems that you may have. You must also tell them if you currently take any medications – they can impact on the type of medicine administered during your surgery. Also discuss with your dentist the different types of anaesthesia that are available and nominate if you wish to be asleep during the operation or just sedated. You must to take a few days off to rest and recover, and someone should pick you up from your appointment and take you home.
How Does The Removal Work?
The process can last anywhere between 10 and 30 minutes, depending on the complexity of the situation the number of teeth to be extracted. After the anaesthesia, your dentist will widen the socket and move the tooth from side to side until it is loose enough to remove. Stitches will be used to close the opening if an incision has to be made in the gum.
How Long Does It Take to Recover from the Surgery?
The amount of pain and swelling will vary and your recovery will depend on the steps that you take to allow your mouth to heal. As the anaesthesia will slowly wears off and you will feel some pain from the surgery. Mild swelling and discomfort can be present for several days after the surgery, and it will take about a month to completely heal. Meanwhile,
Drink plenty of fluids
Use an ice pack to help with swelling
Use moist heat to help with a sore jaw
Do not brush until the second day
Take any medications prescribed for the pain and swelling
Do not drink through a straw
Do not eat hard or crunchy food
Do not eat sticky food
Do not smoke
If you follow these suggestions the majority of the pain, swelling, and discomfort should subside within a few days to a week.
What Are The Side Effects?
Make sure you are in good hands and always choose a reliable dentist in your area. Even with a successful operation, there is a potential for side effects which include additional swelling and jaw pain. If you experience severe pain, open sores, or any other issues, contact your dentist. Be careful with your oral care after the surgery, to avoid infection, and follow all recommendations for dental care.
How Soon Should I Book?
Call us today to schedule a full dental exam if you are experiencing any of the symptoms described relating to wisdom teeth. The sooner you address these issues, the sooner you can get back to enjoying life!